It is the desire of all humans, with very few exceptions, to live on earth for a long time and fulfil their purpose for existence. Many desire to live up to 80, 90, or 100 years, and some wish to live even longer. While this desire to live a long time is a legitimate one, people often die when they least wish to or expect to.
Historically, women live longer than men. This trend may continue for centuries and perhaps longer. Even with the sizable risk conferred by childbirth, women lived longer than men in 1900, and it appears that women have out survived men since at least the 1500s, when the first reliable mortality data was recorded. Sweden was the first country to nationally collect data on death rates. In that country's earliest records, between 1751 and 1790, the average life expectancy at birth was 36.6 years for women and 33.7 years for men.
Death rates in less developed countries, where citizens have limited access to cars, guns, and maternal care, also provide a measure of mortality before modernity. At present, the only countries where male life expectancies exceed those of females are those with long-standing sexual discrimination - including Bangladesh, India and Pakistan - where social pressures and practices such as female infanticide and bride-burning result in unique "losses" of females.
The fact that women live longer than men does not necessarily mean that they enjoy better health than men. It could be that women live with their diseases, while men die from them. Indeed, there is a difference between the sexes in disease patterns, with women having more chronic, non-fatal conditions - such as arthritis, osteoporosis, and autoimmune disorders - and men having more fatal conditions, such as heart disease and cancer.
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