Why America Failed shows how, from its birth as a nation of "hustlers" to its collapse as an empire, the tools of the country's expansion proved to be the instruments of its demise.
This is the third and most engaging volume of Morris Berman's trilogy on the decline of the American empire. In The Twilight of American Culture, Berman examined the internal factors of that decline, showing that they were identical to those of Rome in its late-empire phase. In Dark Ages America, he explored the external factors - e.g., the fact that both empires were ultimately attacked from the outside - and the relationship between the events of 9/11 and the history of U.S. foreign policy.
In his most ambitious work to date, Berman looks at the "why" of it all. This book:
Probes America's commitment to economic liberalism and free enterprise, stretching back to the late 16th century, and shows how this ideology, along with that of technological progress, rendered any alternative marginal to American history
Maintains, more than anything else, that this one-sided vision of the country's purpose finally did our nation in
Why America Failed is a controversial work, one that will shock, anger, and transform its listeners. The book is a stimulating and provocative explanation of how we managed to wind up in our current situation: economically weak, politically passe, socially divided, and culturally adrift. It is a tour de force, a powerful conclusion to Berman's study of American imperial decline.
"Morris Berman is one of our most prescient and important social and cultural critics. He marries a laser-like intelligence with a deep moral core. His writing is as lucid and crisp as it is insightful. His newest book, Why America Failed, rips open the dark and dying carcass of empire. His analysis is sobering and often depressing. But the truth at this stage in the game is depressing, very depressing. Those who refuse to face this truth because it is unpleasant, because it does not inspire happy thoughts or offer false hope, are in flight from the real. The collective retreat into self-delusion has transformed huge swaths of the American populace into a peculiar species of adult-children who live in a Peter Pan world of make believe where reality is never permitted to be animpediment to desire. It is too bad Berman, who sees and writes about all this with a stunning clarity, lives in Mexico. It gets lonely up here." (Chris Hedges, author of Death of the Liberal Class and Empire of Illusion)
"Morris Berman's masterpiece is a brutally honest, wonderfully crafted,exceptionally well-documented treatise on how America was spawned, several hundred years ago, to devour its offspring - financially, socially, and technologically. Why America Failed shines a harsh, unavoidable light upon the cunning business mindset at the core of America's creation, expansion, and devolution. Berman describes with stunning clarity how and why the 'hustler' mentality, upon which our country was predicated, eviscerated alternative moral or social doctrines, and thus incorporated the seeds of our self-destruction from its very inception. This book is as uncomfortable to read as it is impossible to miss." (Nomi Prins, author of It Takes a Pillage and Other People's Money)
"Morris Berman noticed that it's not morning in America anymore. His message may wake up the millions who are oversleeping while the late-day storm clouds gather over this land." (James Howard Kunstler, author of The Long Emergency)
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Some truth. And a lot of nonsense.
Why America Failed: A Luddite's Lament
Nothing: the author's premise that the reason "Why America Failed" is technology and progress is utter nonsense.
A Storm in Flanders
The narrator gave a superb performance, expressing not only the author's thoughts but also his feelings and attitudes
Not applicable to this book
Morris Berman analysis of the current state of US diagnoses the cause as hustling with which he believes was established by the country's founding. The financial collapse in 2008 provides him with abundant ammunition, and clearly, some criminal intent was present in the credit default swaps and other swindles perpetrated by Goldman-Sachs and other financial institutions. The author, however, lacks the clarity that Matt Taibbi used so effectively in his vastly superior bookGriftopia: A Story of Bankers, Politicians, and the Most Audacious Power Grab in American History. Even before 2008 there indeed problems that have caused wage stagnation and massive accumulation of wealth by a small number of individuals.
Where Berman's argument completely derails, however, is in attributing the underlying cause of endemic swindling to technology and progress. While acknowledging that Unabomber Ted Kaczynski assassinated or maimed several innocent people, Berman's main complaint is that in his manifesto Kaczynski's writing is "sophomoric" and badly in need of an editor. The Anti-Bellum South, Berman asserts, was a truly genteel society that valued contemplation and honor completely unlike the ruthlessly aggressive North that steamrolled over everything in its way. While paying lip service to the fact slavery was abusive and immoral, he seems to discount that fact that it was the exploitation of other human beings that enabled the anti-Bellum Southern gentlemen to pursue a life of relaxed contemplation. Criticism is directed at Abraham Lincoln whom the author notes worked to improve transportation in his state, and thus a force for progress and technology.
The author cites the reading a document on a computer monitor elevates dopamine, cortisol, and causes decreased ability to critically analyze. Worse still is multi-tasking which he believes results in impaired reasoning. In different chapters, Berman bemoans that thousands live alone, then seems to contradict himself by asserting that technology in the form of iPhone and iPads deprives people of solitude. Berman categorically rejects the idea that technology is a tool that can be used or misused: he regards technology and progress as essentially evil.
Not surprisingl, Berman concludes that the US is hopeless and doomed. The problems that current grip the US are serious and may not be corrected in the fullness of time, but not the direct result of technological progress. Nowhere in his screed does Berman mention the bloated military budget, the over-extended imperium with at least 900 known bases in foreign countries and an unknown number of covert sites, a non-functioning congress, and a substandard educational system.
- Easton Reader