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After another disappointing year of defeats, Washington's 11,000 men entered winter quarters at Valley Forge in Pennsylvania, about 20 miles outside of occupied Philadelphia. His army had repeatedly faced a lack of discipline and chronic disorganization, and Congress began to consider replacing Washington as Commander in Chief after the fall of Philadelphia. General Gates, who had received the lion's share of the credit for Saratoga by marginalizing Benedict Arnold's role in its success when he submitted his report to the Congress, was floated as an alternative, and Washington was understandably devastated. Making matters worse, the winter was unusually harsh, leading to an estimated 2,000 or so deaths in camp from diseases. Gouverneur Morris would later call the soldiers at Valley Forge a "skeleton of an army...in a naked, starving condition, out of health, out of spirits."
However, it was at Valley Forge that Washington truly forged his army. He introduced a more rigorous training program for his troops, sponsored by Prussian General Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, who had fought with Frederick the Great. Like the Marquis de Lafayette before him, von Steuben came to Washington's army via the recommendation of Benjamin Franklin, who hoped to use their appointments to curry political favor internationally. Despite speaking little English, von Steuben went about drafting a drill manual in French, and he personally presided over training drills and military parades. With the help of von Steuben, the Continental Army left Valley Forge in the spring of 1778 a more disciplined army than ever before, and the worst of Washington's failures were behind him.
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By Marie C. on 04-07-17
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Is there anything you would change about this book?
Valley Forge is an iconic story and location, and it merits a better overall treatment. If you buy this, get the print edition, but do not make it your main source for the history of Valley Forge.
How would you have changed the story to make it more enjoyable?
How did the narrator detract from the book?
The narrator did not take the time to learn how to pronounce a number or personal and place names central to the Valley Forge story. He utterly mangles 'Schuykill', and 'VonSteuben', for example. Since the encampment at Valley Forge was hard by the Schuykill, and VonSteuben central to molding the Continentals into a unified force, they're two massive blunders. There's no way to explain the mangling phonetically, but it is so bad, so distracting that I couldn't finish the book. Going to look over a print edition and see if it's worth buying. This one is an offense to historical ears.
Was Valley Forge worth the listening time?
Any additional comments?
Remind narrators that any words outside of their cultural or geographical comfort zone should be double checked. The utter mispronunciation of important terms, personal and place names is an embarrassing mistake, and pure laziness on the part of the narrator and producer.