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By the middle of the 19th century, New York City's population surpassed the unfathomable number of one million people, despite its obvious lack of space. This was mostly due to the fact that so many immigrants heading to America naturally landed in New York Harbor, well before the federal government set up an official immigration system on Ellis Island. At first, the city itself set up its own immigration registration center in Castle Garden near the site of the original Fort Amsterdam, and naturally, many of these immigrants, who were arriving with little more than the clothes on their back, didn't travel far and thus remained in New York.
Of course, the addition of so many immigrants and others with less money put strains on the quality of life. Between 1862 and 1872, the number of tenements had risen from 12,000 to 20,000; the number of tenement residents grew from 380,000 to 600,000. One notorious tenement on the East River, Gotham Court, housed 700 people on a 20-by-200-foot lot. Another on the West Side was home, incredibly, to 3,000 residents, who made use of hundreds of privies dug into a 15-foot-wide inner court. Squalid, dark, crowded, and dangerous, tenement living created dreadful health and social conditions.
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By Jeremy Bruce on 04-10-17
A slanted view of orphan trains
As a descendant of an orphan train rider I was interested in the subject. The narration was not done very well. It sounded as if it was robotic.
As for the story I felt it brushed over the stories of how the children felt being shipped across country against their will to or placed with strangers. The story was akin to saying the black men in Africa lived in horrible conditions so slavers helped them by shipping them to the new world. I do not accept that as justification for slavery and I surely do not accept orphan trains were a justifiable solution to the child homeless issue in New York.