"The Communist Manifesto" (originally "Manifesto of the Communist Party") is an 1848 political pamphlet by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Commissioned by the Communist League and originally published in London just as the revolutions of 1848 began to erupt, the Manifesto was later recognized as one of the world's most influential political manuscripts. It presents an analytical approach to the class struggle (historical and then-present) and the problems of capitalism and the capitalist mode of production, rather than a prediction of communism's potential future forms. "The Communist Manifesto" summarizes Marx and Engels' theories about the nature of society and politics, that in their own words, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles". It also briefly features their ideas for how the capitalist society of the time would eventually be replaced by socialism.
Artist Bio Author: Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) was a German philosopher, social scientist, journalist, and businessman. Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and socialist.