Nobody expected the liberation of India and birth of Pakistan to be so bloody - it was supposed to be an answer to the dreams of Muslims and Hindus who had been ruled by the British for centuries. Jawaharlal Nehru, Gandhi's protégé and the political leader of India, believed that Indians were an inherently nonviolent, peaceful people. Pakistan's founder, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, was a secular lawyer, not a firebrand. But in August 1946, exactly a year before Independence, Calcutta erupted in street-gang fighting. A cycle of riots - targeting Hindus, then Muslims, then Sikhs - spiraled out of control. As the summer of 1947 approached, all three groups were heavily armed and on edge, and the British rushed to leave. Hell let loose. Trains carried Muslims west and Hindus east to their slaughter. Some of the most brutal and widespread ethnic cleansing in modern history erupted on both sides of the new border, searing a divide between India and Pakistan that remains a root cause of many evils. From jihadi terrorism to nuclear proliferation, the searing tale told in Midnight's Furies explains all too many of the headlines we read today.
"A carefully restrained and delineated account makes for chilling reading." (Kirkus)
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Amazingly detailed account of this tragedy i gigan
This book is badly needed successor to Freedom at Midnight. Very well researched and detailed account of the atrocities committed by both sides: Sikhs and Hindus on one side and the Moslems on the other side. The detailed account of the most tragic figure in this Drama: Mohammed Ali Zinnah, and the ultimate irony. He wanted to build a secular Pakistan. The characters, personalities and the relationship between Pandit Nehru ad Sardar Ballabh Bhai Patel is very revealing.
The tragedy that played out over the lives of literally 10s of millions of people, was crafted by a British bureaucrat only over a month's time, with practical no knowledge of India. The calousness of the British government how they left India is beyond imagination.
Nehru & Patel
I practically did.
Thank you Nisid
very informative. I learned a lot
- michael wakeman