Grover Cleveland’s second term, after a four-year hiatus in private life, was marked by a willingness (once again) to take bold action. When socialist union leader Eugene Debs led a railroad strike that threatened to cripple rail transportation and the postal service, President Cleveland and his attorney general used the Sherman Anti-Trust Act to obtain an injunction and to successfully prosecute Debs, creating a new weapon in the arsenal of executive powers. Cleveland demonstrated that, as the unitary head of the executive branch, the president enjoyed power as a symbolic leader. This power was as potent as his formal powers under the Constitution, thus helping to shape the modern presidency.
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