• Forgery and Counterforgery

  • The Use of Literary Deceit in Early Christian Polemics
  • By: Bart D. Ehrman
  • Narrated by: Noah Michael Levine
  • Length: 25 hrs and 27 mins
  • Unabridged
  • Release date: 01-21-14
  • Language: English
  • Publisher: Audible Studios
  • 4.0 (89 ratings)

Regular price: $39.95

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Publisher's Summary

"Arguably the most distinctive feature of the early Christian literature," writes Bart Ehrman, "is the degree to which it was forged." The Homilies and Recognitions of Clement; Paul's letters to and from Seneca; Gospels by Peter, Thomas, and Philip; Jesus' correspondence with Abgar, letters by Peter and Paul in the New Testament - all forgeries. To cite just a few examples.
Forgery and Counterforgery is the first comprehensive study of early Christian pseudepigrapha ever produced in English. In it, Ehrman argues that ancient critics - pagan, Jewish, and Christian - understood false authorial claims to be a form of literary deceit, and thus forgeries. Ehrman considers the extent of the phenomenon, the "intention" and motivations of ancient Greek, Roman, and Jewish forgers, and reactions to their work once detected. He also assesses the criteria ancient critics applied to expose forgeries and the techniques forgers used to avoid detection.
With the wider practices of the ancient world as backdrop, Ehrman then focuses on early Christian polemics, as various Christian authors forged documents in order to lend their ideas a veneer of authority in literary battles waged with pagans, Jews, and, most importantly, with one another in internecine disputes over doctrine and practice. In some instances a forger directed his work against views found in another forgery, creating thereby a "counter-forgery." Ehrman's evaluation of polemical forgeries starts with those of the New Testament (nearly half of whose books make a false authorial claim) up through the Pseudo-Ignatian epistles and the Apostolic Constitutions at the end of the fourth century.
Shining light on an important but overlooked feature of the early Christian world, Forgery and Counterforgery explores the possible motivations of the deceivers who produced these writings, situating their practice within ancient Christian discourses on lying and deceit.
©2013 Oxford University Press (P)2013 Audible Inc.
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Customer Reviews

Most Helpful

By Sharon Garner on 08-09-17

Needs to learn to pronounce big words

What made the experience of listening to Forgery and Counterforgery the most enjoyable?

It's an interesting read on early forgeries and the attitudes to them

What three words best describe Noah Michael Levine’s performance?

A scholarly work like this needs a reader who can actually correctly pronounce big words. It was jarring to hear something and to have to think about what word was meant. I thought maybe it was me until I went online to check the pronunciation of some. And even every day words could be wrong. Entrance from context meaning to bewitch was pronounced as if it meant entry way. Someone who reads professionally should know, even if they get the vowels wrong, that when a noun and a verb look alike, the stress will go on the first syllable for the noun and the second for the verb. His style wasn't bad but he was the wrong pick for this work.

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1 of 1 people found this review helpful


By Douglas on 02-25-17

Hard Hitter

Very convincing. Very thorough as always.

Narrator is pretty weak. It takes a while to get past his inflection. He has some embarrassing pronunciation mistakes. Clearly does not know who Joseph of Arimathea is or Josephus.

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1 of 1 people found this review helpful

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Customer Reviews

Most Helpful

By Amazon Customer on 09-17-17

Horrible narration

The narrator sounds like an automated answer message. Ruined the whole book for me. Terrible

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