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As one of the most diverse nations in the Middle East, Lebanon has at times enjoyed a strong reputation for its cultural history (with Beirut often being compared to Paris), but it has also experienced destructive conflicts sown by social, political and religious divides, both within itself and among its neighbors. All of these factors would ultimately contribute to the formation of Hezbollah ("The Party of God"), the Shi'ite militia that is now widely considered one of the most powerful non-state groups in the world.
Though their name is instantly recognizable across much of the globe, the history of Hezbollah is extremely complex. Various interests in Lebanon led to the eruption of civil war in the country in 1975, which included the participation of Syria, and the fighting was compounded when Israel invaded and occupied the southern part of Lebanon to combat members of the Palestine Liberation Organization and other Palestinians who had taken refuge in camps there. The result was a witch's brew of inter-connected alliances between forces in Lebanon, which consisted of Shiite militias, Sunni militias, Christian militias, Druze militias, Syria, and Israel. In the early 1980s, Hezbollah formed with the goal of ending Israeli occupation of Lebanon, which would not fully occur until 1999, when Israel began a unilateral withdrawal from the security zone in southern Lebanon. Hezbollah filled in the vacuum in southern Lebanon and took credit for forcing Israel out, thus bolstering their standing in Lebanon, especially among the Shiite community.
Far from being a local militia, however, Hezbollah has spent the past decade expanding its geopolitical influence across the Middle East. In addition to playing an important role in Lebanese politics (and recently becoming part of the government), Hezbollah cultivated ties with Syria, Iran, and Hamas in opposition to Israel, which fought a controversial and deadly summer war against Hezbollah in southern Lebanon in 2006 but failed in their mission to destroy or severely damage them. And with the Arab Spring having consequences across the region and particularly in Syria, the ties between the different state and non-state actors are constantly evolving.
A Timeline History of Hezbollah chronicles this complex state of affairs, charting the rise of the organization to power, the influential leaders behind it, the group's fighting against Israel, and what the future might hold. This history will bring listeners up to speed on one of the world's most important groups today.
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By Glaudrung on 06-27-18
BLATANT ON SIDED REPORTING.
A lesser problem this short history has is that it gives a summary of Lebanese history since the stone age. Since this is a specialized history the book shouldn't waste time with those details.
The big issue is that for obvious reasons it spends a lot of time with the Arab-Israeli conflict, and throughout it is aggressively anti-Semitic. How bad can it be, well:
1) Referring to an Israeli invasion as evil.
2) Several assertions that IDF planners wanted to continue the killing in Lebanon for training purposes.
3) Israeli leaders gave an official reason for a military action in Lebanon, book refers to it as "an excuse akin to saying the dog ate my homework."
4) The IDF was withdrawing from it's northernmost positions in Lebanon and the book says Hezbollah continued attacks in order to maintain the illusion that the IDF was being driven out rather than simply leaving. Book then promptly states that the IDF was crushingly defeated anyway.
5) Instead of stating what is known to have happened in a given incident or why a given policy existed/intend, this book nonchalantly states as fact rumors and allegations against Israel regarding war crimes.
6) Then there are a bunch of others regarding buzzwords and semantics that would take a book in itself to fully debunk.
This is done to the point that whenever the IDF comes they are heavily equipped masses falling on the helpless, and when they leave it's a tremendous underdog victory. As a history student it is necessary for me to read things from other perspectives even if I disagree, but I will not recommend this to anyone nor will I cite it as anything but a pro-Hezbollah source.
Screw the author and everything he stands for.